Contraceptive Medicine? Not News in China
No matter how fierce the debate or criticism is, Ella One has been approved in the United States. This is a contraceptive medicine that could prevent pregnancy for as many as five days following unprotected sex. But the new drug is a close chemical relative of the abortion pill RU-486, raising the possibility that it could theoretically be used to induce abortion by making the womb inhospitable for an embryo.
As for China, according to the annals of China’s contraception, Ella One is not sold and produced in China now. Instead, Levonorgestrel Tablets (Yuting) and Mifepristone Tablets (Mafulong) are accepted more widely as a contraceptive medicine.
However, contraceptive medicine could not get so much attention in China since there is little anxiety about the problem of abortion or religion. Both are not big things in China’s culture.
Furthermore, the reason news about Ella One cannot become news here is that fewer people using contraceptive medicine in China.
The rate of using contraceptive medicine in China is much lower than the U.S. and Europe. The data of State Statistics Bureau shows that during the 1990s, the using rate of contraceptive medicine was 4.44 percent, while from 2000 to 2005, the number decreased to 1.83 percent.
Ren Qiang, the professor of Peking University Institute of Population Sciences states that because of the family planning policy, married people would like to choose permanent birth control methods instead of temporary contraceptives. According to the statistic of the Family Planning Committees, the rate of permanent birth control within Chinese married women in 2002 is 35.99 percent, much higher than other areas of the world.
For people don’t get married, contraceptive medicine is still not the first choice, since most women in China are worried about the side effect of contraceptive medicine. “This is why condom is the absolutely widely used method in China,” SAID Hu Jun, the doctor of Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Peking University Hospital. She said women in China always believe that there is positive correlation between contraceptive medicine and cancer or other diseases. An interview with Peking University students supports her point. All of them, totallying17, no matter boys or girls, will choose condom but not contraceptive medicine.
“I don’t want my girlfriend hurt herself so I will choose to use condom everytime.” Lu Yifeng, a graduate student of the Information Science College said. Zhang Yi, a graduate student of the Physics College agrees with this and he said he knew the side effect of the contraceptive medicine from other classmate. “All people say like that.” He said. In addition, contraceptive medicine is not convenient for girls because you need to remember to take them at the right time. Lin Yingjie, a girl from the Medical College gives us another reason.
Contraception issue is a serious problem here. China is a country which needs to rely on contraceptive methods since family planning policy is its national policy. However, contraception, a word connected with feminism or religion in the western world, has closer connection with politics here. The government pays close attention to it. From 1990 to 2003, state finance allotted 4.09 billion RMB as contraception funds. The rate is still increasing in recent years. In some districts, the government supplies medicine and condoms for free.
But the rate of artificial abortion is still higher, as a result of the low awareness of contraception and the Child Planning Policy. According to the statistic of the record of a symposium of the First Hospital of Peking University’s Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, the rate of artificial abortion within child-bearing women is 27.3 percent.